The New Republic is a voluntary confederation organized on democratic principles under a common Charter and in accord with the ideals and purposes embodied in the Declaration of A New Republic.
Primary (voting) membership is available to any independent sovereign political entity representing one or more unified planetary populations, or to other recognized and definable territories. Membership follows an application process (during which the candidate member reviews the Charter and other governing statutes and agrees to abide by them) and an assessment process (during which the candidate member's annual Support contribution is determined).
Affiliate (nonvoting) membership is available to subordinate political units (for example, the individual members of a league of worlds) and to duly recognized representatives of sentient species not constituting a political unit.
The government of the New Republic is organized around a unicameral legislative body called the Senate. Primary members are represented in the Senate by a Senator. Each Senator has a single vote, regardless of the population represented. Affiliate members are represented on Coruscant by a Legate, who may speak in general sessions of the Senate, but may not vote on official Senate business (to avoid dual representation) or serve in the Senate's various working bodies.
As a body with a large and potentially unlimited membership, the Senate-in-whole is an almost impossibly unwieldy structure for getting work done. Consequently, most of the real governance is performed by the Senate's councils, committees, and commissions. The daily business of the Senate proper is primarily speech-making and public debate.
The President of the Senate, elected by a 3/5 majority of the Senators, is chief of state of the New Republic and commander in chief of the Fleet.
The President can be recalled by a majority vote of the Senate on presentation of a petition of no-confidence by a 3/5 majority of the Ruling Council, or by 1/4 of the primary members of the Senate. The election of a President may be blocked by the Ruling Council on a unanimous vote.
In practice, the power of the Ruling Council to void an election and initiate the recall of a sitting President means that any candidate proposed by or approved by the Ruling Council is likely to be elected by the Senate. [Note: it is in this sense that Mon Mothma "appointed" Leia as her successor.]
The General Ministry is the non-military bureaucracy of the New Republic. It is organized into several large permanent Ministries (Security, Commerce, Science, etc.), smaller task-oriented service Agencies (operating the machinery of navigation, communications, port operations, official records, etc.), and various semi-independent Institutes (Obroan Institute for Archaeology, Astrographic Survey Institute, etc.).
The First Administrator, appointed by the Ministry Council with the approval of the President of the Senate, heads the New Republic General Ministry. He reports to the chief of state and serves at his pleasure.
The New Republic Defense Fleet (sometimes still called the Navy) is the military arm of the New Republic. It operates five full battle groups, each consisting of a hundred or more warships, transports and support vessels, and including ground troop divisions and starfighter wings. The bureaucracy includes Fleet Command, the Intelligence Section, the Technology Section, and the Quartermaster.
The Supreme Commander, appointed by the Defense Council with the approval of the President of the Senate, heads the Defense Fleet. He reports to the chief of state and serves at his pleasure.
The members of the Court of Justice are selected by the Senate Justice Council from a list of nominees presented by the President of the Senate. The First Justice is elected by the other members of the Court from among their number.
Nominally independent, the power of the Court of Justice is limited by its narrowly-defined jurisdiction: to review charges of violations of the Charter by members or by the other branches of the New Republic's government. The Court of Justice does not serve as the court of last appeal for ordinary civil and criminal cases; they are settled by local judicial authorities on member worlds.
A Visual Guide to New
Republic Government (943x1324 - 35K GIF)
Notes on the New Republic Government Visual Guide
Return to K-Mac's Home Page || Novel List